As of 2018, the following 50 states are participants of the Prague Process: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo*, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Moldova, Romania, the Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and Uzbekistan.

The Republic of Belarus became part of the Process in December 2010.

In the period 2009-2010 the Process was led by the Czech Republic, supported by Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. Following the Senior Officials’ Meeting in December 2010 the leadership was handed over to Poland, which led the Process up until the end of the Prague Process Trageted Initiative in 2017. Since the second half of 2017 the Process is led collectivelly by the Strategic Group, which consists of the Czech Republic, Poland, Lithuania, Hungary, the European Commission and a country presiding in the EU at a specific point in time. During 2018, the Czech Republic will be the chairman of the Strategic Group and will lead the Prague Process.

*This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.