Enhancing cooperation among the Prague Process states

Select your language

27 September 2022


This third collection of selected publications produced within the Prague Process Migration Observatory is released amidst Russia’s war against Ukraine, which has resulted in the largest human displacement witnessed in Europe since World War II. More than 14 million people were forced to flee their homes in search for safety. Nearly seven million people have fled to neighbouring countries and further afar, with women and children accounting for the vast majority of the externally displaced Ukrainian citizens. Two chapters address the migration repercussions of the war: First, special attention is given to the vulnerability among those fleeing the war to human trafficking. Secondly, the elaboration of possible post-war scenarios shall allow us to better understand the mid- and long-term migration repercussions of the war. 

This book is also released shortly before the fourth Prague Process Ministerial Conference, which shall set the political mandate and content of our joint cooperation for the years to come. The first section thus entails the background papers developed on the six thematic areas of the Prague Process. Providing a concise overview of the key considerations at hand, these documents have informed the intergovernmental discussions within the process of jointly formulating the future Action Plan.  

The book further contains a number of publications dedicated to other important migration aspects, corresponding to the traditional format of this series. The COVID-19 pandemic still resonates globally, the developments in Afghanistan deserve continuous attention, and economies have been facing new challenges related to food and energy supplies, which will remain in the focus of the Migration Observatory.

  • Alexander Maleev and Irina Lysak | Background notes on the six thematic areas: Asylum and International Protection, Integration, Irregular migration, Labour Migration, Migration and Development, Readmission, Return and Reintegration
  • Glen Swan | ‘Mapping and Analysis of Return and Reintegration Programs in Prague Process non-EU states’
  • ICMPD Anti-trafficking Programme | ‘What governments need to know about vulnerability to trafficking among the people fleeing the war in Ukraine’
  • Franck Duevell ‘The war in Ukraine: Post-war scenarios and migration repercussions’
  • Andrea Salvini and Georg Bolits | ‘Maximizing labour migration outcomes for countries of origin and destination’
  • Ulan Nogoibaev | ‘Impact of the Situation in Afghanistan on the Central Asian Countries: Implications for Migration’
  • Ronald Skeldon | ‘Changing Demographics in the Countries of the Prague Process: Implications for Migration’
  • Andrew Fallone | ‘Social Capital and Transnational Human Smuggling: What is the impact of Counter-Smuggling Policies?’
  • Zulfia Sibagatulina | ‘Embracing a Dynamic Future: Monumental Shifts in Uzbek Labour Migration Policy’


This publication was produced in the framework of the ‘Prague Process: Dialogue, Analyses and Training in Action’ initiative, a component of the Migration Partnership Facility project, funded by the European Union and implemented by ICMPD. Authors: Georg Bolits, Franck Duevell, Andrew Fallone, Irina Lysak, Alexander Maleev, Ulan Nogoibaev, Andrea Salvini, Zulfia Sibagatulina, Ronald Skeldon, Glen Swan, ICMPD Anti-trafficking Programme Editors: Alexander Maleev, Irina Lysak