25 November 2019
EU external cooperation on migration has revolved around the Global Approach to Migration (and Mobility) since 2005 (2011) and the Migration Partnership Framework under the European Agenda on Migration since 2016 (European Council, 2005; European Commission, 2011, 2015, 2016). Migration Dialogues have been used as a key channel in finding common ground with third countries. The EU has expected to establish effectiveness, shared responsibilities and mutual interests in the implementation of EU external cooperation. As these objectives have not been fully met, the EU should now explore how partner countries’ interests can be better accommodated within this cooperation framework.