Countries that wish to respond to the ever-increasing migration flows worldwide require a well thought-out and cogent strategy to deal with this complex and challenging phenomenon. In this respect, in order to satisfy their international legal obligations, it is essential that policy-makers possess a thorough knowledge of domestic and international law. Further, it is indispensable that state agents – including public officials, police, prosecutors and the judiciary – are well-versed in these areas, and are aware of the complex web of legal tools at their disposal at the regional and international level, as well as the legal obligations that are incumbent upon them as they go about their daily work.
The aim of the present handbook is to provide a self-contained, systematic guide to the relevant provisions concerning the rights of migrants in the Republic of Moldova. The handbook will constitute a useful tool for practitioners and officials, such as:
- the judiciary, including judges from regional and central courts, those from first instance courts, courts of appeal, and the Supreme Court, future judges attending the mandatory course of the National Institute of Justice, and the Magistrates Council;
- law enforcement officials, in particular, the Prosecutors’ Office and the police, at both regional and central levels);
- the staff of the Bureau for Migration and Asylum, including the Refugees Accommodation Centre, the Migrants Accommodation Centre and the Border Guards Service; and
- non-governmental organisations providing legal support and counselling to asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants.
The book is structured into five chapters, and approximates a chronology of the situations in which migrants might find themselves. After introducing the international legal framework through which the rights of migrants in Moldova are protected in the first chapter, the second chapter addresses the obligations of the state vis-à-vis migrants at the border. Chapter three then deals with situations in which migrants may be detained, while chapter four is concerned with situations in which migrants may be expelled from Moldovan territory or returned to their country of origin. The fifth and final chapter is devoted to an overview of the rights that are due to migrants during their everyday lives when they are resident in Moldova.