273.259 (UN DESA 2017)
578.529 (UN DESA 2017)
4.3 million (Statistics TJ 2017)
According to the World Bank, approximately 11,2 % of the total population is involved into migratory movements. The main countries of destination are Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Israel, Kyrgyzstan, and the USA. Over 80 % of all labour migrants from Tajikistan are employed in Russia. According to the Migration Service of Tajikistan, the total number of migrant workers totalled to 877,335 persons in 2012. Men prevail among migrant workers from Tajikistan; however, feminisation of migration from Tajikistan is gradually increasing reaching 14,1% (124,007 persons) of the total in 2012.
The key legal instruments pertaining to migration are:
The Migration Service under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan is responsible for the migration policy implementation, including labour migration, licensing, regulation, monitoring, and provision of public services in the area.