Enhancing cooperation among the Prague Process states
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General Information

Population

3.547.539 (STAT MD 2018)

3.547.539  (Eurostat 2018)

 

Immigration

140.045 (UN Immigrant Stock 2017)

3.708 (STAT MD 2017)

Emigration

973.618 (UN Emigrant Stock 2017)

2.111 (STAT MD 2017)

Working-age population

2.271.736 - (STAT MD 2018)

2.604.988  (World Bank 2017)

Unemployment rate

3.0% (STAT MD 2018)

3.4% (ILO 2018)

GDP

8.128 bn, current prices USD (World Bank 2017)

178 bn MDL (STAT MD 2017)

Refugees and IDPs

Refugees:

401 (UN Refugee Stock 2017)

Asylum seekers:

81 (UN Asylum Stock 2017)

Territory

33,851 km² (CIA World Factbook)

Description

The main countries of destination for labour migration are Russia, Italy, Israel, Turkey, Ukraine, Romania, Portugal, and Greece. The outflow of male migration is mainly directed towards Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Portugal, where the construction industry is the principal sphere of employment. The outflow of female migration is mainly directed to Italy, Israel, and Turkey, where provision of domestic help is principal sphere of employment.  According to the expert estimates, remittances from abroad exceed 30% of the national GDP.

The key legal instruments pertaining to migration are:

  • 2016 Action Plan for 2016-2020 on the Implementation of the National strategy in the Field of Migration and Asylum (2011-2020.)
  • 2014 Resolution of the Government on the approval of the National Action Plan for the implementation of the Association Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union for the period 2014-2016
  • 2011 Law on Integration of Foreigners in the Republic of Moldova
  • 2010 Government Decision regarding the Commission for Coordination of Certain Activities Relating to Migration
  • 2010 Law on the Regime of Foreigners in the Republic of Moldova
  • 2008 Law on Labour Migration
  • 2008 Law on Asylum in the Republic of Moldova
  • 1994 Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens and Stateless Persons
  • 1994 Law on exit from and entry into the Republic of Moldova
  • 1994 Constitution of the Republic of Moldova

The Bureau for Migration and Asylum of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is an administrative body within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It was created in order to ensure the implementation of policy in the field of migration, asylum, legal status of stateless persons and integration of foreigners. The mission of the Bureau is to exercise the powers related to the implementation of the state policy in the field of migration and asylum, management of migration via the reception and documentation of foreigners through the provision of identity documents, recognition of refugee status, provision of humanitarian protection, coordination of the process of integration of foreigners in the Republic of Moldova, the control of legality of stay of foreigners in Republic of Moldova, state maintenance and application of coordinating measures on removal and restrictions.  Its functions, inter alia, include the collection, storing, processing and exchange of information in the field of migration and registration of foreign citizens and stateless persons in the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

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