Enhancing cooperation among the Prague Process states

General Information


3.729.633 (Eurostat 2018)

3.723.500 (STAT GEO 2019)



78.218 (UN Immigrant Stock 2017)

88.152 (STAT GEO 2018)


838.082 (UN Emigration Stock 2017)

98.935 (STAT GEO 2018)

Working-age population

2.458.748 (World Bank 2017)

3.029.200 (STAT GEO 2018)


Unemployment rate

14.1% (ILO 2018)

12.7% (STAT GEO 2018)



15.081 bn, current prices USD (World Bank 2017)

41.1 bn, current prices GEL (STAT GEO 2018)


Refugees and IDPs


2.091 (UN Refugee Stock 2017)

Asylum seekers:

540 (UN Asylum Stock 2017)


278.103 (UN IDP Stock 2017)    


By Birth: No

By Descent: Conditional

Dual Citizenship: No

Years of Residency: 5





69.700 km² (CIA World Factbook)



Major countries of origin of immigrants and destination for emigrants remain either Georgia's neighbouring countries, or countries, where there the presence of emigrant or diaspora communities is already relatively visible. According to the 2014 Census, more sizable stocks of emigrants from Georgia reside in Russian Federation (21.7%), followed by Greece (15.0%) and Turkey (11.2%). As for immigrants - "persons who ever lived abroad for more than 12 months" as defined by Census, who rather count as return migrants, their majority came back from Russian Federation (51.6%), Greece (8.3%), and Ukraine (8.1%).

For migrant flows, 2014 GeoStat statistics show that (using citizenship as a proxy) number of Georgians emigrating is higher than number of Georgians immigrating, i.e. returning or circular migrants, resulting in a negative net migration. At the same time, the trend demonstrates that Georgia is attracting more immigrants, hence, experiencing positive net inflow of immigrants.

The key policy instruments pertaining to migration are: 

  •   2016-2020 Migration Strategy of Georgia;
  •   2011 Law on Refugee and Humanitarian Statuses
  •   2011 Law on Compatriots Residing Abroad and Diaspora Organizations
  •   1993 Law on Procedure for the Citizens of Georgia to Leave and Enter Georgia
  •   2006 Law on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings
  •   2014 Law on Legal Status of Aliens and Stateless Persons
  •   2014 Law on the Citizenship of Georgia
  •   2015 Law on Labour Migration

Since October 2010, the State Commission on Migration Issues is the Government's consultative body set up to discuss and take decisions on various issues related to migration management. The Commission comprises of 13 government entities  and is chaired by the Minister of Justice and co-chaired by the Deputy Minister of the Interior. In 2013, 7 international and 5 non-governmental organizations working in the field were granted a consultative status within the Commission to provide additional expertise and develop a format of cooperation.